By Anthony Summers & Robbyn Swan

There have been allegations over the past twenty years that Florida’s Santo Trafficante and Louisiana’s Carlos Marcello admitted before they died that they had been involved in the assassination.
Do those allegations have merit?

The Mafia thought they had a deal, their help to get Kennedy elected in exchange for a complaisant Justice Department. The month after the election, though, John Kennedy announced that he was making his brother Robert Attorney General. Speaking from the steps of the Department of Justice, Robert made it clear that he intended to use the office to wage war on organized crime.

By early 1962, the Attorney General would be saying new laws and specialized intelligence had top gangsters on the run. Three hundred and fifty mobsters were indicted that year, 138 of them convicted. Some mobsters were fleeing the United States rather than face justice.

Lucky Luciano and Joe Adonis continued to languish in exile. Skinny D’Amato, the New Jersey nightclub owner who had acted as bagman during the West Virginia primary campaign of 1960, reminded Joe Kennedy that his help in the election had been against a promise of leniency for Adonis. Robert Kennedy had no intention of allowing Adonis to return, however, and D’Amato himself was indicted on tax charges.

The Attorney General pressed for the deportation of any other mafiosi who could be shown to be aliens. Early on, New Orleans Mafia boss Carlos Marcello had been flown out of the country to Guatemala – though he subsequently returned. There were new efforts to expel Frank Costello and Johnny Rosselli.

Rosselli and Sam Giancana had hoped for special treatment because both had been involved in CIA plots to assassinate Fidel Castro and – as Giancana put it – considered they had been “working for the government.” FBI wiretaps make clear Giancana simmered with rage. After the deal-making of the election – when his efforts had helped deliver Illinois for Kennedy – he felt he had been double crossed.

In November 1963, within hours of his brother’s death, Robert Kennedy asked rackets specialist Julius Draznin to look for Mob leads in Chicago. “He meant,” said Draznin, “Sam Giancana.” The focus of those who share RFK’s suspicion has long been on Giancana and two other Mafia bosses, Carlos Marcello and Santo Trafficante.

“The Mob typically doesn’t hit prosecutors or politicians,” said former House Assassinations Committee chief counsel Robert Blakey. “You are all right….just as long as you do not `sleep with them,’ that is, you do not take favors, either money or sex. Once the public official crosses the line, he invites violent retribution.”

In 1977 Santo Trafficante, the Florida Mafia boss, was forced by subpoena to testify on oath before the Assassinations Committee. The questions put to him included the following:

* Did you ever discuss with any individual plans to assassinate President Kennedy?

* Prior to November 22, 1963, did you know Jack Ruby?

* While you were in prison in Cuba, were you visited by Jack Ruby?

In response to all three questions, Trafficante responded, “I respectfully refuse to answer pursuant to my constitutional rights under the First, Fourth, Fifth, and Fourteenth Amendments.” “Pleading the Fifth” invokes the constitutional principle that no one can be forced to give evidence that may be self-incriminating.

Having been granted immunity from prosecution arising from what he might say, Trafficante testified again in secret. Then, in late 1978, he appeared at a public hearing to deny having said in advance of the assassination – as alleged – that President Kennedy was “going to be hit.” Asked whether he had been aware of threats to the President allegedly made by his Louisiana counterpart, Carlos Marcello, he replied, “No, sir; no, no chance, no way.”

There was also, however, a comment Trafficante had made in 1975, while being taped during an FBI surveillance operation. “Now only two people are alive,” the FBI microphone had picked up Trafficante saying—in conversation with Marcello—“who know who killed Kennedy.”

What he meant remains unknown and unknowable. Trafficante died in 1987. Teamsters leader Jimmy Hoffa, who had been his associate and who allegedly wanted both Kennedys dead, had vanished twelve years earlier—probably murdered by criminal associates.

Sam Giancana, the Chicago Mob boss who had conspired with Trafficante and the CIA to kill Cuba’s Fidel Castro, was also long dead. He had been found in 1975, lying face-up in a puddle of blood, just as the Senate Intelligence Committee was preparing to question him about the Castro plots. He had been shot once in the back of the head and six times—in a neatly stitched circle—around the mouth. It was the Mob’s way, one source said, of warning others not to talk. Some suspected that Trafficante had ordered the hit.

John Roselli had been killed soon after Giancana and Hoffa. What was left of him was found floating in Miami’s Dumfoundling Bay, crammed into an oil drum. He had testified to the Senate Intelligence Committee and was due to appear again. Trafficante was again a suspect.

Before Roselli died, it was reported, he had suggested that his former associates in the Castro assassination plots had gone on to kill President Kennedy. Within weeks of his death, the House of Representatives voted by a huge majority to reopen the Kennedy case—a decision that led to the formation of the House Assassinations Committee.

The Committee finding, in 1979, was that “extensive investigation led it to conclude that the most likely family bosses of organized crime to have participated in [planning the President’s assassination] were Carlos Marcello and Santo Trafficante.” While both had had “the motive, means, and opportunity to plan and execute a conspiracy,” however, the Committee could not pin anything on either mafioso.

In 1994, however, it seemed that credible testimony on the subject had perhaps emerged. Frank Ragano, an attorney who long represented Trafficante, Marcello, and Teamsters leader Jimmy Hoffa made remarkable claims in a new memoir. “Santo, Carlos, and Jimmy”, he wrote, had often spoken of their wish to see both Kennedy brothers dead. In July 1963, Ragano claimed, Hoffa had sent him to New Orleans to ask Trafficante and Marcello to kill the President. When he passed on this message, Ragano wrote, the mobsters’ response led him to think the idea “had already seriously crossed their minds.”

After the assassination, a gleeful Hoffa had supposedly exclaimed, “I told you they could do it. I’ll never forget what Carlos and Santo did for me.” Marcello supposedly said, “When you see Jimmy, you tell him he owes me and he owes me big.”
According to Ragano, Santo Trafficante had phoned him years later – on March 13, 1987 – to request a meeting. When the lawyer arrived to take him for a drive, the ailing 72-year-old mobster shuffled to the car in pajamas and a terry-cloth robe. Then, slumped in Ragano’s Mercedes-Benz, he talked in Sicilian of the old days, old murders, and of the Kennedys.

“That Bobby,” Ragano claimed the dying mobster had said, “made life miserable for me and my friends…God damn Bobby. Carlos e futtutu. Non duvevamu ammazzari a Giovanni. Duvevamu ammazzari a Bobby.” (“Carlos [Marcello] fucked up. We shouldn’t have killed John. We should have killed Bobby.”)

Four days after this supposed admission to the crime of the 20th century, Trafficante died. He had not elaborated on his statement, and Ragano said he had not asked him to. He said he thought about it anxiously for a while after the mobster’s death, then confided in his wife, and eventually went public.

Trafficante’s widow, his two daughters, and several friends and neighbors, said the March 13, 1987, meeting never happened. According to Ragano it occurred in the city of Tampa, the family’s traditional base and his own hometown. Trafficante had long since, however, lived most of the time almost 300 miles away, in North Miami Beach. He had not visited Tampa since the Christmas holidays, according to his family. The mobster was so ill, they insisted, what with heart disease, thrice-weekly hospital visits to have kidney dialysis, and a permanent colostomy bag, that travel had become a major undertaking.

The time of his momentous March 13 meeting with Trafficante, Ragano had written, had been about 1:30p.m..Yet Jean Amato, the widow of one of Trafficante’s close associates, says she visited Trafficante and his wife at home in North Miami Beach between noon and 2:00p.m.. Jack Hodus, a pharmacist, said he saw Trafficante there at about 6:00 p.m., and other accounts place the mobster in Miami for dinner. Even if only Jean Amato told the truth, Trafficante could not have been in Tampa at 1:30 p.m., as Ragano claimed.

Ragano asserted he could respond to these counter-allegations with three witnesses of his own, but declined to produce them unless the Trafficantes tried to take him to court for libel.

Meanwhile, there is some medical evidence. The records of Miami’s Mercy Hospital indicate the mobster was being treated in the dialysis unit regularly in early 1987. He was there, receiving treatment until 7.15 pm on March 12 – the day before his alleged lunchtime confession to Ragano – and was back in the dialysis unit by the afternoon of March 14.
Trafficante Dialysis 3-12-87 Trafficante Dialysis 3-14-87

Dr. Felix Locicero, Trafficante’s Tampa nephrologist, told us he knew of no visit to Tampa on March 13 and thought it “unlikely” the mobster was in town.

Exposing Ragano as a possible liar does not dispose of the “Mob dunnit” theory, nor of the notion that Trafficante and Carlos Marcello played some part in Kennedy’s murder. “Mark my word,” Trafficante is reported to have said to a close associate in September 1962, “this man Kennedy is in trouble, and he will get what is coming to him…He’s not going to make it to the election. He is going to be hit.”

Carlos Marcello, the boss of the Mafia in the southeastern United States, had like Trafficante appeared before the Assassinations Committee. His principal business in life, he had earlier had the audacity to tell another committee, was as a tomato salesman earning about $1,600 a month. His answers related to the President’s assassination were no more illuminating.

Asked whether he ever made a physical threat against the President, Marcello replied, “Positively not, never said anything like that.” Trafficante, he said, had never talked with him about assassinating Kennedy. Their contacts had been “strictly social.” He did not know of any discussion with U.S. officials about killing Fidel Castro, had not been to Cuba before or after 1960, never had any interests there. He “never knew” either alleged assassin Lee Oswald or Jack Ruby.

More, just a little more, emerged from FBI surveillance obtained during a bribery probe in 1979, when microphones planted in Marcello’s home and office picked up snatches of relevant conversation. It was the year the House Assassinations Committee was winding up its work, and—on several occasions—mikes picked up the mobster repeating, as though he wanted to be overheard, the sort of “No, I never” denials he had made when testifying.

Once, however, when a visitor asked his reaction to the Committee’s suspicions as to his role in the assassination, the mobster told the man to shut up. There was then the sound of a chair being pushed back, of the two men walking out of the room. In the last words picked up, Marcello could be heard telling his companion that this was a subject better discussed outside. Going “outside” to discuss sensitive matters, the record showed, was something Marcello did on more than one occasion.

An informant the FBI used in that surveillance operation, a man named Joseph Hauser, later claimed he got Marcello to discuss the assassination. According to Hauser, the mobster admitted both that he had known Oswald’s uncle Charles Murret, and that Oswald himself had at one point worked as a runner for the betting operation run for Marcello by a bookmaker named Sam Saia.

Even more provocative was something that—according to Hauser—Marcello’s brother Joseph said. Edward Kennedy was about to run for the White House, and Hauser raised the subject of the “rough time” the elder Kennedys had given Marcello back in the 1960s. “Don’t worry,” Joseph supposedly replied, “We took care of them, didn’t we?”

Oswald’s uncle Charles had indeed been involved in gambling activity, and he was an associate of Sam Saia. Saia was a powerful figure in bookmaking, and was reputedly close to Carlos Marcello. What Marcello is said to have confided is thus plausible—but not evidence. Of the surveillance tapes thus far released, none show that Marcello made such admissions, or that his brother’s remark about having “taken care” of the Kennedys was really made. One must question, too, whether – if it was made – it was meant seriously.

More and similar material is reflected in FBI records. It dates to the mid-1980s, when the Mob boss had at last been imprisoned—on charges of racketeering, wire fraud, and conspiracy to bribe a federal judge. It was then that a fellow prison inmate named Jack Van Laningham, who was being used by the FBI in another surveillance operation against Marcello, made a fresh allegation that the mob boss had admitted involvement in the Kennedy assassination. The FBI file contains a report on what, according to Van Laningham, Marcello told him and another inmate as they were sitting “outside in the patio” of the prison yard. As originally circulated, with Van Laningham’s name withheld, it reads as follows:

A confidential source who has provided reliable information in the past furnished the following:

On December 15, 1985, he was in the company of CARLOS MARCELLO and another inmate at the FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTE (FCI), Texarkana, Texas, in the court yard engaged in conversation. CARLOS MARCELLO discussed his intense dislike of former President JOHN KENNEDY as he often did. Unlike other such tirades against KENNEDY, however, on this occasion CARLOS MARCELLO said, referring to President KENNEDY, “Yeah, I had the son of a bitch killed. I’m glad I did. I’m sorry I couldn’t have done it myself.

The report, as currently released by the National Archives with Van Laningham’s name revealed, is here: Confidential Source Report

Later, in a letter to an FBI agent, Van Laningham quoted Marcello as saying he had known Santo Trafficante, who had been his partner in the gambling rackets in Cuba. He had “hated” the President and his brother the Attorney General. He had been “introduced to Oswald,” the mob boss supposedly told Van Laningham, “by a man named Ferris, who was Marcello’s pilot” [a reference presumably to David Ferrie, a Marcello associate long rumored to have been involved in some way in the assassination] —and had thought Oswald “crazy.” He had backed Ruby in business in Dallas, and Ruby had come to Louisiana to “report” to him.

(Portions of Van Lanigham’s multi-page letter – to FBI agent Carl Podsiadly – can be found below.)
Podsiadly letter NARA cover sheet

Podsiadly letter, FBI cover memo

Podsiadly letter 1

Podsiadly letter 2

If Marcello really did admit that he ordered President Kennedy killed, this was damning information. But does Van Laningham’s allegation have a basis in truth?
The former Senior Supervisory Resident Agent at the FBI office near the prison, Thomas Kimmel, Jr., was interviewed by us for Not in Your Lifetime in 2013. He confirmed that Van Laningham had indeed been used in an operation that targeted Marcello in prison, and that Van Laningham did make the allegation alleging that Marcello admitted tohaving had the President killed. Kimmel had duly passed on the information to FBI headquarters, as the relevant memo shows.

Van Laningham, whom we also interviewed this year, claimed the FBI “did not want me to go into the Kennedy thing whatsoever. . . . The FBI doesn’t want anybody to know that.” According to the former informant, similar statements the Mob boss made to involvement in the assassination – on other occasions – were recorded on the bug with provided to him by the FBI.

Former agent Kimmel, however, insisted, “There was nothing remotely resembling that” on the tapes. Ron Sievert, the prosecuting attorney who supervised the Marcello surveillance operation, for his part, said there was “absolutely nothing to corroborate ” the claim by Van Laningham.

Agent Kimmel said he reported the purported Marcello admission to superiors because it was his duty to do so. He did not, though, recall having received any significant reaction. His own view, looking back in 2013, was as follows. “I don’t doubt that Carlos made the statement. I don’t think Van Laningham is fabricating that. . . . We got to the point where we thought Carlos would say almost anything. And even if he said something on the tape it would not be credible. Carlos was old. Carlos was on the outs….I thought there were indications of senility on Carlos’ part, and thought a jury or a judge would agree. . . .no matter what Carlos said.” Supervisory attorney Sievert agreed that “there was also the mental capacity issue.”

Attempts by the authors to reach a third agent involved – he used the pseudonym “Tom Kirk” in his contacts with Van Laningham – did not succeed. The former agent sent word that he did not wish to be interviewed.

Informant Van Laningham has claimed that, contrary to the recollections on interview of Agent Kimmel, of his case agent Ray Hult, and of prosecutor Sievert, the mobster had still been mentally “sharp” in 1985, when Marcello allegedly said he had had Kennedy killed.

There are other discrepancies between the version of events as told by Van Laningham and by the FBI agents involved. Kimmel’s memory was that the bug in the Texarkana operation against Marcello functioned only for three thirty-day periods (the periods covered by three separate court authorizations for electronic surveillance).

Van Laningham, on the other hand, said the operation lasted for more than a year – and that Marcello had been running his crime network from inside the prison. According to Kimmel, agents concluded that Marcello was not running his criminal empire from jail – and that was why the operation was terminated. His mental state, moreover, had been so poor that a court would have deemed anything he said unreliable.

Van Laningham, who claimed that he had been promised early release in exchange for his cooperation over Marcello, wrote a series of heated letters to the FBI in which he repeated his account of what he said the Mob boss had told him. Among other things, he named the other inmate who had supposed been present with him in the prison courtyard as “Don Wardell”.

The U.S. Bureau of Prisons, however, told us it has no record of anyone by that name having been imprisoned at Texarkana or indeed anywhere in the federal prison system. In his interview with us this year, Van Laningham still maintained that the other inmate’s name was Wardell, and that he had disappeared from the prison soon after Van Laningham had identified him to the FBI handlers as having witnessed Marcello’s supposed confession.

(Two of Van Laningham’s letters recounting the Marcello “confession” episode and mentioning fellow prisoner named Don Wardell can be viewed here:Wardell
Wardell 2

By 1989, three years after the episode Van Laningham claimed occurred, Marcello had suffered a series of strokes and was indeed in a state of what an attending doctor described as “senility.” That year, employees at a prison medical center reported having heard Marcello say—in the early hours of the morning, while in bed—“That Kennedy, that smiling motherfucker, we’ll fix him in Dallas.” The old man rambled on to that effect, apparently under the delusion that the jail employees were his bodyguards and that the assassination had not yet occurred.

The FBI did on that occasion follow up by questioning Carlos Marcello—both about that comment and the “I had the son of a bitch killed” remark Van Laningham had claimed occurred several years earlier. Marcello denied having said anything of the kind. He was released from prison soon afterward and died in 1993 at the age of 83.


Filed under General


  1. Interesting article, esp. where a mobster says they should have killed Bobby, not John. Pure speculation but maybe the Mafia bosses thought killing Bobby would point the finger too directly at them, since Bobby was cracking down on them. Killing John achieved the same effect — halting Bobby’s war on the Mafia — without making the Mafia the obvious target of suspicion.

    • MMaryanne Atieno

      Excellent analysis and absolutely right ! The mafia’s main goal was Bobby out . However killing him directly would clearly point at them, and they would then face the wrath of Kennedy’s ( the president) ! Eliminating the President would not only get Bobby out, that would also cloud who to suspect, ensure an administration with a lenient justice system in place promptly ( the LBJ administration) which would also favor the CIA’s foreign activities like clandestine attacks or military insults to foreign governments deemed unfriendly, the Vietnam war which enriched Texas oil millionaires , and the federal reserve banking system which made a handful millionaires control American economy ! All the groups mentioned herein hated JFK and wanted him out to quickly get in place a government complacent to CORRUPTION for maximal selfish personal gain !!! JFK,s death was clearly an act of over tthrowing the US government ! The mafia was only a tip of the ice berg in the conspiracy and the one dirty enough to be used by the big powerful arms of the government ! No wonder the JFK assassination was shamelessly covered up by the Warren Commission ( under the LBJ government), and the CIA to date continues to hide files relating to the most brutal, heartless unjustified broad day light murder of a President cherished and admired by not only Americans but the entire world and all people of good will !!! Rest in peace John Fitzgerald Kennedy !!! You died for a good cause !!!

      • Robert J Beninate

        Did anyone really believe that moron Oswald could do that? The cover-up shows just how many people and arms of the government dislike the Kennedy adgenda!

  2. ArleneRaquel

    The mob was an part in the assassination, but the CIA and other intelligence agencies played a much bigger role IMO. Remember that Ruby came from Chicago to Dallas in 1947, the same year that the Chicago mob took over the Dallas rackets.

    • mike carney

      Chicago mob did not take over the Dallas rackets, Carlos Marcello of New Orleans was in charge of the Dallas rackets.

  3. ArleneRaquel

    Giancana was murdered gangland style days before he was to testify before the Congressional Committee concering the JFK, RFK, & MLK murders. Doesn’t his murder, which took place in Oak Park, a suburb West of Chicago indicate that Giancana was not the real boss of the Chicago mob, and 2 could Marcello and/or Trafficante pull off a hit in the Chicago outfits back yard ?

    • mike carney

      I think Marcello and Trafficante were the big power in the Mafia at that time. Lucky Luciano had been deported and Frank Costello had been running things in New York but then an assassination on his life put him out to pasture. The only powerful guys left were Carlos and Santos.

    • Gerry Simone

      @ Arlene, In the book Double-Cross, I believe Sam Giancana’s godson felt that it was the CIA that killed Giancana because he knew that his godfather was no snitch or rat. However, Anthony Summers above mentions something about Trafficante ordering the hit against Giancana (aka Momo) to prevent him from talking. It might not have anything to do with whether Momo was the boss of the Chicago outfit or not.


  5. Daniel Yard

    Sam Giacana had once counted on Frank Sinatra’s connection to John Kennedy to go soft on the Mob; he & Sinatra were buddies at the time, after the work Sam had done to get Kennedy elected. Sam played a bigger role in the Kennedy assassinations than people talked about.

  6. Interesting, but still confused how the CIA is tied into this also. Would the mob really work with the CIA.

    • Gerry Simone

      Would the Mob work with the CIA? Are you kidding? They had common interests like getting rid of Castro. LBJ knew about Murder Inc. Why do you think they subpoenaed Giancana for the Senate Intelligence Committee inquiry?

      Didn’t Bill Harvey use Mob assassins?

      As for the assassination of JFK, I can see a rogue CIA cell using mob elements. Having Ruby take out Oswald is not a coincidence!

      As for Marcello and senility, it seems he was fine when he made that admission. Even if it was early stages of senility, I can tell you from my own experience with my father who had Alzheimer’s later on in life, that an afflicter person doesn’t have a filter and can make frank statements.

      Officially, none of these crooks will admit anything (it’s pointless to discuss at length their later public denials).

      • Mary

        Sure, both the CIA and the mafia wanted JFK dead ! First the CIA, they felt JFK betrayed their Bay of Pigs botched invasion of Cuba in attempt to assassinate Castro by not sending air force reinforcement resulting in their defeat ! Then the mafia were angered by Bobby Kennedy’so determination to dismantle their operations. However to get rid of him and escape justice, they first had to get rid of JFK and have in place a different administration that would be less determined to track them down. Unfortunately for JFK and fortunately for the other parties, LBJ , JFK’s vice president had scandals and was likely headed for imprisonment. The ONE SOLUTION for all these parties including the military -industrial complex (which was benefitting immensely from the Vietnam war, opposed by JFKK ) was the elimination of JFK. A dIrby deal was made between LBJ and the others employing mafia hit men recruited by Sam Giant anaesthetist. The mafia were out to revenge because they felt they had helped deliver Ilinoi to Kennedy in the primaries which catapulted him to the presidency !! Realso rogues all these parties !

  7. Interesting , but I am still confused as how to the CIA was involved in coalition with the mob.

    • Bruno Tagliaferro

      CIA has used mob in assassinations. Notable example being Enrico Mattei. He was offering oil producing nations better deal than the oil cartel so he was assassinated by the Sicilian mafia at the request of Angelo Bruno according to Tommaso Buscetta. Obviously the big players behind that are American oilgarchs which are among the groups that really set CIA policies / USA foreign policy. The American Mafia was just one tool for them, which was also used to control labor movement for example. When you cannot destroy some movement from the outside, they way to go is to corrupt it from the inside. Now I am not saying that the gangsters were anyones puppets, but they obviously knew how to co-operate with different power groups.

      One thing (almost?) never connected to JFK assassination seems to be the Gladio network in Italy. Looking at William King Harvey I think parts of the same network was involved in JFK assassination.

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  12. cheeky

    chicago hoodlums addresses chicago old 1920-30-40 census:
    Chicago Illinois.HSCA Testimony–(ALEXANDER PHILLIP GRUBER) :.Wednesday, June 14, 1978 and November 17th, 1963 in evening, you called him at 9:28 at the Carousel Club–(ALEXANDER PHILLIP GRUBER) 4471 sangamon Chicago il.(lived during 1930-1940s)
    Barney Ross Rosofsky 3524 Roosevelt Road Chicago il.(boxerfighter)
    Maurice Kahn aka Maury Cahn stated Ruby family moved 1932 Independence blvd and roosevelt rd.
    On October 12, 1963, Ruby called
    Irwin S. Weiner in Chicago and talked for 12 minutes.
    Irwin Weiner 3011 W Armitage Ave chicago.
    Bennie Barrish.Barrish was boxer friend to Mickey Cohen mafia mobster.Bennie lived 1643 Lawndale Chicago IL and went Lawndale poolhall.(Teenagers Young men hung out ate cafe play pool)
    JOHN BINTZ,work as counterman, New Lawndale Restaurant&pool
    hall , 3714 westRoosevelt Road, advised that be has worked here for over 30 years.
    Lenny Patrick & bro bought Lawndale 3714 West Roosevelt Road.
    Jack Ruby Rubenstein chicago Illinois addresses:
    14th -Newberry/15th/Halsted/12 and 14th street (earlydays)
    The Rubenstein Ruby family lived in chicago census records.
    1232 West Morgan
    1109 Marshfield Street
    1120 Sacramento Blvd
    1551 Clifton Park Chicago IL
    729 Kostner Chicago
    722 Independence blvd
    624 Independence blvd Chicago
    3650 West Lexington Chicago (lived over 17 years)
    3864 West End Ave
    118 N Hamlin Ave Chicago
    735 S Homan Chicago Illinois.
    Joseph Rubenstein -1355 Peoria Street Chicago Illlinois (Census, 1930)Hyman rubenstein 3650 Lexington (1940 to 1958) moved 1044 Loyola,Hyman Rubenstein said You have known Hoodlums all your life you dont ignore them,
    chicago hoodlums addresses
    Felix Phil Alderisio 921 Hope St (westernav) BlueIslandChicago.
    Sam Giancana addresses chicago:
    914 S Hermitage (1944) chicago
    2022 West Lexington Chicago
    2825 Lexington Chicago
    2822 W Lexington Chicago.
    1148 S Monitor chicago
    1147 Wenonah Ave
    1106 Taylor Street Chicago.
    1444 Taylor Street
    1422 Taylor
    1022 Taylor Street Chicago.
    Michael Shore (RepriseRecords)1709 West Taylor Chicago.MICHAEL SHORE11/27/63 was contacted at his place o£ business,Reprise Record Los Angeles .SHORE stated that the first time
    he ever heard fromJACK RUBY was about a year and a half .
    Bernie Bennis Barrish 1643 Lawndale Chicago IL.
    Charles Nicoletti addresses :
    Charles Nicoletti 42,of 2745 Lexington Chicago,
    had been arrested ,investigated, and released.
    charles Nicoletti 2450 Lexington moved 2745 Lexington Chicago.
    :737 Campbell ave Chicago IL
    919 Campbell Ave Chicago IL
    2450 W Lexington Chicago
    2745 Lexington Chicago
    1807 N Broadway Melrose Park IL
    1638 N 19th Avenue Melrose(1968) Park.IL
    Nicoletti age 50 ,1638 N 19th ave Melrose Park IL.( newspaper 3-14-68).gambling raid 1000 Loomis street corner Taylor Street – business DistrictChicago in which Nicoletti in rear of grocery owned by wife Agnes Nicoletti.
    James Files 2924 S 9th Ave Melrose Pk IL
    James Files 122 N 22nd AVe Melrose Pk IL.
    mrs Eilene Rubenstein KAMINSKY. 6724 North Talman av, Chicago David Yaras 1966 Evergreen Ave Chicago il (Western ave next campbell ave )
    Paul Dorfman lived at 903 Independence blvd.(gaveRubyJob)
    Jack Ruby his family lived Rubenstein moved 624 Independence blvd chicago Illinois.

  13. Edward N. Becker: Bearer of False Information for Unjust Competition
    By Geno Munari, with notes from The United States House of Representatives Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA)

    (AP Photo/Jack Thornell)
    Unjust competition is just what it infers. It is often an illegal attempt to gain unfair competitive advantage false, fraudulent, or unethical commercial conduct. Examples include below-cost selling, through counterfeiting or imitation, dumping, misleading advertising, rumor mongering, trademark or trade secret infringement and even spreading false information to promote a book. This story is about a man that used a false story as unjust enrichment to promote his books, his name and his status to gain fame, money and good fortune.
    This is the story of Edward N. Becker and his allegations of Mafia boss Carlos Marcello threatening the life of John F. Kennedy. But the evidence will prove that Ed Becker wasn’t even present on a day in September, 1962 at Marcello’s Churchill’s Farms, when and if, Marcello made a remark in regards to harming John F. Kennedy. I will explain.
    Scores of books and articles have constantly used the alleged threat of powerful Mafia boss Carlos Marcello as a connecting point to implicate the mafia, mob, outfit or syndicate to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
    Enter: Ed Becker
    Who is Ed Becker? Here is what the Washington Post said in a story WP: Rudy Maxa August 12, 1979)

    “When the House Assassination Committee released its report last month, it’s most perplexing section concerned alleged organized crime involvement with the killing of John Kennedy. Santos Trafficante and Carlos Marcello were fingered as “the most likely family bosses” to have participated in any plot, but then the ambivalent report termed the notion “unlikely.”
    Linking Marcello to JFK’s death was an obscure private eye named Edward N. Becker, a shadowy figure who has passed in and out of organized crime circles as a shamus and anonymous researcher of books. Who is Becker?
    He’s a 57-year-old, soft-spoken man who today lives in Las Vegas with his second wife. He’s currently involved in business with a former assistant attorney general of the U.S., Washington-based attorney Jerris Leonard. And Becker is not delighted his name surfaced in the House report.
    “I expect some kind of retribution,” Becker says today. “The committee said, “We’re doing everything in the world to protect you.” I didn’t believe it. Of course I’m worried.”
    In 1955 Becker signed on as public relations director for the Riviera Hotel in Vegas. His milieu was gambling and men whose occupations were vague, he says, and he eventually helped piece together an NBC “White Paper” on organized crime in 1966. He also helped gather information for the books Green Felt Jungle and the Grim Reapers, both billed as exposes of organized crime.
    Becker says he was in Louisiana in September of 1962 working undercover for a finance company investigating Billie Sol Estes when he struck up a friendship with Carl Ropolo, a Shreveport oil geologist well-liked by Marcello according to the House report. The two men visited Marcello at his estate near New Orleans. In the course of a long evening of drinking scotch, Becker remembers Marcello cursing the Kennedy brothers and talking vaguely of trying to kill the president.
    Marcello denies that.
    That scene (without Becker’s name) made its way into Ed Reid’s book, The Grim Reapers, which led the House committee to Becker, who talked with a committee staffer by phone but refused to testify because he feared the arm of organized crime as well as the wrath of the FBI. The Bureau, according to the House report, worked hard to discredit Becker instead of investigating the validity of his information.”
    Several authors wrote entire books on the subject of the Mob and the killing of JFK and one of the key suspects was Carlos Marcello. Over the years I had acquired printing equipment for various business needs and developed a small publishing company which re-printed a second edition of the Edward Becker’s tome, All American Mafioso: The Johnny Rosselli Story by Ed Becker and Charles Rappleye. The opportunity to print this book was made possible by Tony Montana, who claimed an interest in the book with Ed Becker’s widow. The book is an amazing tale in the life of Rosselli who lived in Las Vegas and was a very controversial individual and was considered the Chicago Outfit’s mouthpiece in Las Vegas in the Late 1950s and early 1960s.
    In the late 1980s and early 1990s Café Michele, in Las Vegas, was the lunch and drink hangout. I frequented the establishment on a daily basis to catch up with friends and share and hear stories about the happenings in the world of gaming, deals and the mob. Ed Becker held court at Café Michele a few times a week with his business companion and friend, Tony Montana. In fact Ed Becker introduced Tony Montana to me. Montana is not a light weight. His uncle John Montana was a guest at the famed Appalachian Mafia convene in November of 1957, and Tony was an employee of the late Chicago boss, Tony Spilotro. Tony is an expert food and beverage manager who had the skills to turn profits in bars and restaurants. He was a sought after person and recognized to be loyal, efficient and a good problem solver.
    Tony Montana assisted Ed Becker in getting an interview with Carlos Marcello, via Joe Pignatello, former operator of the once famous Las Vegas restaurant, Villa d’Este . Pignatello was a front man in the Italian eatery for the late Sam Giancana. Ed Becker was unable to arrange this meeting on his own even though Ed’s claim to the mob was his association and work experience with Gus Greenbaum at the Riviera and Flamingo hotels.
    Becker’s book, Johnny Rosselli: The All American Mafioso, described the 1962 meeting with Carlos Marcello, is as follows:
    The same month, Carlos Marcello described a more detailed plan in the privacy of a farmhouse on his sprawling country estate outside New Orleans. Ed Becker, a private investigator and free-lance businessman, was meeting with Marcello and his longtime associates Carlo Roppolo and Jack Liberto when their boss pulled out a bottle and poured a generous round of Scotch. The conversation wandered until Becker made an offhand remark about Bobby Kennedy and Marcello’s deportation. The reference struck a nerve, and Carlos jumped to his feet, exclaiming the Sicilian oath, “Livarsi na pietra di la scarpa! (Take the stone out of my shoe!)”
    Reverting to English, Marcello shouted, “Don’t worry about that Bobby son-of-a-bitch. He’s going to be taken care of.” Emboldened by the Scotch, Becker interrupted. “You can’t go after Bobby Kennedy. You’ll get into a hell of a lot of trouble.” In answer, Marcello invoked an old Italian proverb: “If you want to kill a dog, you don’t cut off the tail, you cut off the head.” Bobby was the tail, an adjunct, an appendage. If the President were killed then Bobby would lose his bite. Marcello added that he had a plan, to use “a nut” to take the fall for the murder, “like they do in Sicily.” Seated again, Marcello abruptly changed the subject, and the Kennedys were not mentioned again.
    One afternoon I was and interviewing Tony Montana for a local radio station. I was interested in the meeting Tony had arranged with Marcello, Becker and himself for the purpose of interviewing Marcello for the book, Johnny Rosselli: All American Mafioso. Tony told me that they stayed the night in a small hotel in the French Quarter and would be picked up by an associate of Carlos Marcello the following morning. The pair waited in the outside dining area and soon after breakfast a car arrived with a driver approaching them and introducing himself as a representative of Carlos Marcello. After the pleasantries, Tony got in the front seat next to the driver and Ed sat in the rear seat. Tony recalled how Ed was demonstrably very nervous sitting in the back seat after the driver said they were going out to the Farm in Metairie. Becker thought that the meeting would be in a nearby office. The trip to the Farm was more than 30 minutes. The driver with an obvious method to his madness remarked to Ed, “Don’t worry. If something was going to happen to you it would have already.” in a joking manner. Tony realized the driver was just being humorous and they continued to the Farm.
    Tony continued the story, “They were brought into Marcello’s office and we met Carlos Marcello. I introduced myself and Ed Becker.”
    Marcello said, “What’s this all about?”
    That is when a light went on in my head. In Ed’s book he writes that they met in 1962. If that was the case and true, why would they have to be re-introduced? Something is wrong here. I asked Tony, “Did it appear to you that Ed was meeting Marcello for the first time?” He said, “You are right. Marcello had not met Ed before. This was the first time. I never thought of that after all these years. Remember Ed’s book was not finished yet, and to be honest with you, I never really looked at the passage after it was published.”
    This is strange because if Ed Becker had met Marcello in 1962, why would he need Tony to make the new introduction? Why would Marcello also appear to meet Becker for the first time and greet him like he was meeting him for the first time? Surely if Becker was at a prior meeting with Marcello, there would have been some indication from either Becker or Marcello that they had met in the past. There was no conversation or a hint of recollection of any prior get-together.
    The answer is that Becker never was at a meeting with Marcello in 1962. It was fabricated. So there is also a good chance that the other evidence against Marcello is also fabricated.

    • a nemaric

      Good argument. If a witness/claimant is found uttering lies in one instance it lays doubt on any or all of his other statements. It is often a ploy used by lawyers, i.e. questioning the credibility of witnesses. It is done in various ways

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